Somnambulism or Sleepwalking

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What is somnambulism…???

Somnambulism or sleepwalking is a behavioral disorder that mostly occurs in deep sleep and results in walking or doing complex work while asleep.


  • Inefficient sleep
  • Hereditary
  • Fatigue
  • Certain medications
  • Fever or illness
  • Going to bed with a full bladder
  • Anxiety and depressio

Signs and symptoms:

  • Sleep talking
  • Sit on their bed and perform repeated actions
  • Do strange things
  • Inappropriate behavior
  • No memory of the event
  • Violent


There is no proper treatment for sleepwalking. These are some common steps that can be taken to avoid this problem.

  • Improving sleep hygiene
  • Hypnosis
  • Reduce liquid intake near bedtime
  • Maintain a regular sleep schedule
  • The quiet environment during sleeping

Is it dangerous to wake a sleepwalker…???

Commonly it is said that it is not safe to wake a sleepwalker but that is not always true. It is essential to recognize that waking someone during a walk can be difficult as a sleepwalker can attack the one who is trying to awake them. It’s a common myth that waking up a sleepwalker may cause the heart attack, brain damage or other serious injuries.

How to deal with sleepwalker…???

  • Help the sleepwalker to return safely to his/her bed without waking him up
  • Gently turn him in the direction of bed
  • Try not to touch the sleepwalker too much
  • If returning back to bed doesn’t work, then use loud noises from a safe distance to wake him/her up
  • After waking up that person will be confused and afraid, try to explain to him/her what actually happen.

Recommendations to keep a sleepwalker safe:

  • Keep windows and doors lock
  • Keep dangerous and sharp objects out of reach
  • Keep their bedroom clean, quiet and dark
  • Place an alarm or bell on bedroom door
  • Sleep on a ground floor bedroom to avoid falling

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