The journey of Qawwali Art and culture.

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T.They قوالیAs a performance, it has undergone tremendous changes. For centuries, it has hung as a modest form, far removed from the rituals associated with Sufi shrines, especially چشتیہ۔ Order. قوالی۔ It was almost non-existent in these areas which later became Pakistan. It began, as is legend, in the Delhi area under the patronage of Nizamuddin Auliya. Of Students Amir Khosrow, like Mian Samat, is said to have put it into practice so that it would become a regular feature of the shrine’s activities. It then spread to other shrines where Sufi injunctions were not very literal in their religious practice and became a permanent feature on Thursdays and Fridays.

However, it was still confined to shrines and there was no idea of ​​removing it from its formal form and performing it freely. It was considered a violation of the sanctity assigned to it and a kind of desecration: the betrayal of the musical response, which was strongly associated with the elimination of emotions. Method.

It may coexist. دھروپاد It was a popular choice of court music. In various courts of the subcontinent for more than five hundred years دھروپادیا Of high governance. They included some legendary singers: Swami Hari Das, Biju Bawara, Tanson, Man Tomar, Sur Das, Ram Das and Gopal Naik. all of these. دھروپادیا It was considered unprecedented قوالی What was attached to the shrine and its semi-religious sensitivities was seen as limited in scope.

so many Sports Practitioners were mentioned. قوال بچہ۔ They were involved. Bad Muhammad Khan and Tanrus Khan. They were created to take them out of their hereditary profession. Games Because of their great abilities and great prestige. Sports. So, in the last two hundred years, no one has heard of any remnants. قوال, But with their origin in many ideas قوال بچہ۔.

Qawwali was not considered an independent form of art at that time. Therefore, it was placed at the bottom of the category. Furthermore, it was widely criticized by the Orthodox and almost religious. Since there was no formal sanction in the mainstream religious order, music was considered a deviation that was criticized and revolted against. Therefore, all forms of music, even semi-religious forms, were seen as a perversion and deviation from the purity of religious forms.

A war has erupted in the religious realm of the role of Sufis and their efforts to spread a limited religious doctrine. This battle has been a constant feature in the fourteen hundred year history of Islam.

In our culture, a trend started later. قوالی Performance as a concert item as it gained popularity was among many. قوالی Performances at their wedding receptions to entertain guests naturally insisted on being a concert item, rather than a musical performance in the service of a religious purpose, especially the form of music. کلام Which was being presented. During the Muslim rule, when Persian was understood by most people, most people. کلام I was in Persian

The transition was an intangible one قوال From Khosrow to Jami, Hafiz then to Rumi and Faizi – some of them Iranian poets and some Indians. Writing in Persian did not raise eyebrows in India. Some Arabic texts indicate the beginning of the concert, some later کلام Presented in local dialects. However, with قوالی Becoming a concert item, especially after the advent of Pakistan, Persian. کلام, Was sung less because it was considered less. After the Persian independence, the colonial era got out of our conversation much faster than that.

Mother tongues are now a big part of it. کلام Which was sung. It all started with Shikwa. The glorious answer And کلام In some Sufi poets, especially Punjabi Sufis. Some of the poets were already famous. Others became popular only after him. کلام Presented by some قوال As it was easily understood and played on high emotion.

Nowadays, the challenge is not to bring forth a fusion of voices that may be more international in character and that are local or confined to the region, but are really fighting new voices that are a product of the technological revolution that is taking place. ۔ It’s all wide and music can’t say no to it, no matter how hard it tries.

Nusrat Fateh Ali was praised not only because he was one. قوال With a lineage, but also because it opened up more insular forms to the effects of outdoor music, needless to say, from the West. He was also promoted to some of the biggest names in the music industry. It helped him achieve a stardom that was truly international in scope and essence. His anniversary was celebrated on August 16.


The author is a Lahore-based culture critic.



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