Russia is giving reasons why it can finally recognize the Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan.
The group’s rapid and largely peaceful return to power last month made the group Afghanistan’s de facto leader. They are now assembling a government, which Russia says it can recognize once the process is complete, as long as it includes all ethnic and political forces. Moscow still considers the Taliban terrorists, even though it is practically in the interests of peace and security with the group. President Putin also said last week that “the sooner the Taliban join the so-called family of civilized people, the easier it will be to negotiate, exert influence and ask questions.”
This fast-paced development suggests that the rest of the international community should also reconsider the names of Taliban terrorists. The group’s role over the past two decades needs to be re-acknowledged to legitimize this possible process. The Taliban was previously branded a terrorist because of its links to groups such as al-Qaeda, most notably Osama bin Laden, on which the United States planned 9/11 terrorist attacks. The Taliban has always denied that its guest was involved in the atrocity and has recently reiterated its claims that there is no evidence to substantiate it.
However, the United States somehow defeated the Taliban, even though its justification for invading Afghanistan was to destroy the al-Qaeda network there in retaliation for 9/11. The mission quickly spread from counter-terrorism to a change of government and then to the so-called “nation building”, the last of which proved to be Achilles’ heel. During the nearly two-decade occupation of Afghanistan, the United States and its Afghan National Army (ANA) allies committed war crimes against the Afghan people under the pretext of fighting the Taliban, who must remember that they never killed anyone. Did not threaten The other country limited its political goals to Afghanistan.
During this struggle, the Taliban resorted to unconventional warfare tactics such as roadside bombs, suicide attacks and other unpopular means that many in the international community consider terrorism. It targeted foreign occupiers and their local allies alike, causing a lot of negative media attention around the world. The Taliban’s reputation abroad has been terrible, but it has gradually come to be seen as “less evil” by the average Afghan than the United States and its allies. Although the Taliban adhered to strict interpretations of Sharia law, they effectively enforced law and order and were not corrupt.
Many Afghans and their families were either raped or killed by the United States and its ANA proxies. Unlike the urban minority, three-quarters of the rural population suffered the most from this “suicide loss,” many of whom benefited from the occupying forces’ socio-economic infrastructure investment in their country’s largest cities. ۔ The rural majority was more unsuitable and less educated, which meant that the rest of the world rarely got a chance to hear their concerns. This has led to international perceptions of the country as a more open and educated urban minority that generally dislikes the Taliban.
Unlike the United States, its local allies, and the international community, the Taliban listened to Afghanistan’s rural majority and began to win their hearts and minds. Over time, the Taliban realized that it had to change some of its methods for practical reasons and thus began to sever ties with terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda, moderate some of its relatively strict interpretations of Sharia law. Of, and added more minorities. Rank has thus turned it into a national liberation movement in the eyes of the average Afghan and given it the political legitimacy it needs to take part in the country’s peace process.
Representatives of the Taliban embarked on a journey to China, Pakistan and Russia, all three urging the movement to remain committed to its own reforms so that the final conclusion of the Afghan peace process could be cautiously welcomed by the international community. The group’s main goal was to become part of a planned interim government after the US withdrawal, but former Afghan President Ghani refused to resign as a condition for the Taliban. It provoked the Taliban to launch a nationwide liberation operation that succeeded faster than most observers expected.
The large and well-equipped ANA surrendered mostly collectively as the group approached the gates of Afghanistan’s largest cities. Even the minority-majority northern areas did not offer much resistance. These astonishing results were attributed to the Taliban, who won most of their hearts and minds through the aforementioned reforms that turned it into a national liberation movement in the eyes of the majority of the population. Had it not been so, the ANA would have strongly resisted the Taliban and the minorities would have revolted by now. Kabul must have been out of their control.
The international community must keep all these observations in mind when the incoming Taliban government is recognized as legitimate Afghan authorities. As President Putin noted recently before the Taliban’s reported victory over the “Panjshir Resistance” this weekend, “the facts are, the Taliban control almost the entire territory of Afghanistan, except “Small areas of Panjshir and adjoining areas that meet Tajikistan. If so, we must go beyond the facts. This is the most practical position for any country.”
Russia’s special envoy to Afghanistan, Zamir Kabul, had previously suggested that “we need to take into account the cultural and religious background of the Afghan people and base our own views on democracy, governance and other things.” But we should avoid trying to impose anything on them. ” The announcement of this policy can be interpreted as a warning to the West not to judge the incoming Taliban government according to its liberal democratic standards, as such systems are completely alien to Afghanistan’s traditional culture. It also shows that Russia will respect the choice of the Taliban government as long as it meets Moscow’s expectations.
Russia is clearly taking the lead in clarifying the legitimate reasons why it can finally recognize the Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan. The Kremlin is practically responding to regional realities because it exists objectively, has no desire to interfere in Afghanistan’s internal affairs, and respects the country’s cultural differences. It simply says that the Taliban must be determined to fight terrorist groups, respect the rights of minorities and women, and include all ethnic political forces in their incoming government. It is in the Taliban’s own interest to do all three, as they will effectively help it maintain its restored rule.
Returning to the old ways of expelling terrorist groups from ideological sympathy for their cause, brutally suppressing minorities and women, and supporting Pashtun chauvinism at the expense of other ethnic political groups separates the Taliban from the international community. If the Taliban live up to the expectations of Russia and others, these countries should reward the group by reconsidering its current designated terrorists. They should later be recognized as the legitimate government of Afghanistan to facilitate its reconstruction.