Child Labor in Pakistan


Every child is allowed a living standard that is acceptable to their physical, psychological, mental, and social development. It is a severe human rights issue with millions of children working to support their families. Islam has given the right to children to have a good education, but in Pakistan, we can see 3.3 million children are being trapped in child labor. It deprives them of their childhood, health, and education. Pakistan ranks in the top ten countries having an issue of child labor.

According to UNICEF, 158 million children aged 5 to 15 work as child laborers worldwide. The primary reason for child labor in Pakistan is poverty, large family size, and low literacy rate. The parents and relatives of those children come from socially backward families that push them towards child labor. These children are forced to quit school and work to earn and support their families.    

On Aug 6. 2020, Pakistan banned child domestic labor for the first time, passing an amendment that makes it illegal for children to participate in domestic work.

Pakistan makes strict policies and legislation for these human beings who are no longer challenged and now does not reflect on the consideration that child labor is prohibited. 

Article 11 of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan constitution guarantees that “no child below the age of fourteen years shall be engaged in any factory or mine or any other hazardous employment”.

In 2020, Pakistan made reasonable development in efforts to dispose of the worst types of infant labor. In February, the authorities formally constituted and appointed participants to the National Commission on the Rights of the Child, which consists of two representatives who are children.

Additionally, in response to the deadly beating of an 8-year-old home employee by using her employer, the Islamabad Capital Territory cupboard banned baby home labor below age 14 in the capital territory. The Pakistani authorities additionally delivered home labor to the listing of occupations described as hazardous work prohibited for adolescents below the Employment of Children Act 1991.

Children in Pakistan are subjected to the worst varieties of toddler labor, business sexual exploitation, and pressured homework occasionally due to human trafficking. Children additionally interact in pressured labor in brick kilns and agriculture. The federal authorities and Balochistan Province have now not hooked up a minimal age for work or hazardous work in compliance with global standards.

During the beginning of the industrial revolution, children were forced to work because they provided cheap labor.

Child labor takes away the education of children. In the 1990s Human rights commission of Pakistan stated that 11 million children were working in the country, half of whom were under the age of ten. In 1996, the median age for a child entering the workforce was seven, down from eight in 1994. The children of Pakistan are talented and skillful; Government should introduce such organizations that can promote technical skills to the children so that they can contribute to making Pakistan’s economy strong.

Following we can stop child labor in Pakistan:

  • Access to education
  • Improve economic growth
  • Provide support to children



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