Empowerment refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social, educational, gender, or economic strength of individuals and communities of women. Women empowerment is an essential part of today’s generation. It’s a way to get equal rights with men and make them aware that they are doing injustice to women.
But, In Pakistan about 66% of the female population in rural areas is unutilized. This is mainly due to existing social customs. If we will look at the agriculture side so women contribute up to 90% of the total workforce. Women are facing so many difficulties and crises in working place rather than men.
The main problems that women are facing in education fields, are Dowry, marriage in the same cast and child marriages, Gender discrimination, Raped, kicked, and humiliation almost daily. Now, women are Deprived of Decision making power, freedom of movement, access to education, access to employment, and Domestic violence.
Women are not treated equally in Pakistan and the Worst condition for women in Pakistan is due to lack of education and employment, limited opportunities in land and property, losing their identity, heavy house load, no involvement in decision making, low wedges in paid work, a diet deficiency, sexual harassment these are the main causes which oppressed of women and women can’t survive alone.
So many women do not raise their voices to get their rights due to the fairness of the environment. That’s why they come to the streets to demand better opportunities. Men always consider that women are the weaker gender this period changed women from having “the weaker gender” mentality to becoming leaders in their fields. Most women spend their time as housewives but now the generation is changing women are gaining power through positions like politicians, lawyers, doctors, etc.
Women remain oppressed in many regions, struggling for fundamental rights such as education, the right to vote, and reproductive rights. Even worse, these women cannot even leave their homes without a male guardian’s permission. They require constant supervision and control by a male family member that’s why many women are afraid to speak about any rights or abuse from their husbands.
Our Islam gives freedom to women and allows them to live a life independently without any restrictions but Islam fixes some boundaries for women that they can’t pass of those boundaries. Islam gives equal rights, equal responsibilities, equally accountable to God in glorifying and worshipping, and an area of action for women. Quran says for women
“And for women are rights over men similar to those of men over women” (NOBLE QURAN 2:228)
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (1973) gives legal rights to women and set rules for the protection of women. government fixed a 10% quota for women in every field and fix Social Empowerment Rights, Economic Empowerment, Political Empowerment, Legal Empowerment and Access to Justice.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 passed laws for women’s rights like Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 ( This law will deal with child marriages, and who will not follow this law give punishments for those), Foreigners Act, 1946 and Foreigners Order, 1951 ( These laws deal with procedures relating to foreign nationals in Pakistan), Muslim Family Law Ordinance, 1961 ( This law deals with all matters relating to marriage, including registration, polygamy, divorce, maintenance, and other relevant processes and procedures), Muslim Family Law Ordinance, 1961(This law deals with all matters relating to marriage, including registration, polygamy, divorce, maintenance, and other relevant processes and procedures)
Dowry and Bridal Gifts (Restriction) Act, 1976 (This law places restrictions on the number of gifts to a bride and groom), Anti-Terrorism Act 1997(The law covers issues of child molestation and gang rape), Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance, 2002 (This law defines the crimes of human trafficking),
Protection for Women (Criminal Law Amendment) Act, 2006 (This law created changes in two of the Hudood Ordinances, namely the Zina and Qazf Ordinance)
The Prevention of Anti Women Practices – Criminal Law (Third Amendment) Act, 2011 (This law makes amendments to the PPC, including within the PPC severances considered to be customary practices), Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2012 ( The Domestic Violence Bill makes violence against women and children an offense, punishable by time in jail and imposition of fines)
According to the constitution of 1973 “We are divided by race, class, culture, and geography, our hope lies in our commonalities. All women’s unremunerated household work is exploited, we all have conflicts in our multiple roles, our sexuality is exploited by men, media, and the economy, we struggle for survival and dignity, and, rich or poor, we are vulnerable to violence. We share Hotham’s,” exclusion from decision-making at all levels.”
The government set rules and regulations and set plans for women that government will give equal opportunities and equal rights to women. The Pakistan National policy for development and empowerment 2002 ensures that Women have equal access to all development benefits and social services.
Pakistan’s vision is to make a Pakistan where Women enjoy equal rights and respect at the same level of decision-making authority a d given protection under the law as their male counterparts.
“Empowerment of women not just a goal in itself but the key to all global development goals”