The 1908 Nobel Prize in Literature was once awarded to the German thinker Rudolf Christoph Eucken “in popularity of his earnest seek for fact, his penetrating energy of concept, his wide selection of imaginative and prescient, and the heat and energy in presentation with which in his a large number of works he has vindicated and advanced an idealistic philosophy of lifestyles.” He’s the second one German awarded the prize and the primary thinker to be a recipient.
Rudolf Eucken focused his philosophy at the human revel in. He maintained that guy is the assembly position of nature and spirit and that it’s guy’s responsibility to conquer his nonspiritual nature through actively striving after the religious lifestyles. A few of his main works are Die Einheit des Geisteslebens (The Solidarity of the Religious Lifestyles, 1888), Geistige Strömungen der Gegenwart (Major Currents of Fashionable Ideas, 1908), Der Sinn und Wert des Lebens (The That means and Price of Lifestyles, 1908), and Der Sozialismus und seine Lebensgestaltung (Particular person and Society, 1923).
Eucken had by no means been nominated for the prize earlier than, making him one of the vital 10 laureates who gained on a unprecedented instance when they’ve been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature the similar yr they had been first nominated. He gained a unmarried nomination from a member of the Swedish Academy.
In overall, the academy gained 23 nominations for 16 people. A number of the nominees come with Jaroslav Vrchlický, Adolf von Harnack, Selma Lagerlöf, John Morley, Algernon Charles Swinburne, Antonio Fogazzaro, and the arguable Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche.
The next is a partial record of nominees and their nominators for the prize:
|1||Georgios Souris (1853–1919)||Greece||poetry, songwriting||identify ineligible|
|2||Julio Calcaño (1840–1918)||Venezuela||poetry, literary grievance, novel||José Manrique (1846-1907)|
|3||Theodor Zahn (1838–1933)||Germany||theology, essays||Lars Dahle (1843–1925)|
|4||Adolf von Harnack (1851–1930)|| Estonia
|historical past, theology|
|5||Selma Lagerlöf (1858–1940)||Sweden||novel, quick tale|
|6||Alfred Hutchinson (1859–1930)||United States||legislation, essays||Luther Wright (?)|
|7||John Morley (1838–1923)||United Kingdom||biography, literary grievance, essays||12 participants of The Included Society of Authors|
|8||Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837–1909)||United Kingdom||poetry, drama, literary grievance, novel||25 participants of The Included Society of Authors|
|9||Jaroslav Vrchlický (1853–1912)||Czech Republic||poetry, drama, translation||Arnošt Kraus (1859–1943)|
|9||Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846–1926)||Germany||philosophy||Vitalis Norström (1856–1916)|
The number of thinker Rudolf Christoph Eucken as Nobel laureate in 1908 is extensively thought to be to be one of the vital worst errors within the historical past of the Nobel Prize in Literature. The principle applicants for the prize that yr had been poet Algernon Swinburne and creator Selma Lagerlöf, however the Academy had been divided between the applicants and, as a compromise, Eucken, consultant of the Academy’s interpretation of Nobel’s “splendid route”, was once introduced as a substitute candidate that may be agreed upon.
Eucken delivered a Nobel lecture entitled Naturalism or Idealism? on 27 March 1909 at Stockholm.