Pakistan History of Child Labor

History of Child Labor

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What does child labour mean? Are we really familiar with the meaning of child labour? Why do we consider child labour as a worse thing? Why it still exists in our society and how can we overcome this bitter truth of our society? Does this child labour act as a barrier to the development of our country?

These are some of the questions that come in a person’s mind whenever he hears the word child labour.

Individuals work to bring in cash. They need cash for food, for lease, and to mess around with their loved ones. Freedom. … Working can likewise give you more autonomy and more authority over your own life.

It sounds great that one should be independent in his life, yet it should not cost the health and happiness of a child and a teenage as well. A needy person will lead his child to labour to overcome poverty or to fulfil his basic needs. If a society is trying to reduce its poverty by child labouring, then there is quoted by an American social worker Grace Abbott who Said

“child labour and poverty are inevitably bound together and if you continue to use the labour of children as the treatment for the social disease of poverty, you will have both poverty and child labour to the end of time”

Do not mix child work and child labour. We usually teach children to do their work by themselves like cleaning their room, putting things on their place, making their bed and so many little things while labour is the hard work both physical and mental that provides goods and services to the society. In other words, we can say that The distinction between ‘child labour’ and ‘kid work’ is that child labouring alludes to work that is hurtful to children. It is work that is intellectually or truly perilous, work that meddles with their capacity to go to class which can influence their pay acquiring potential as grown-ups. The wellbeing and prosperity of youngster workers are in danger, and they can wind up being caught in a cycle of destitution.

Child labouring has so many effects on children, for instance, health problems due to malnutrition, exposure to chemicals, abuse, injuries, exhaustion, and psychological harm, depending on the area in which they are forced to work.

Let’s start from the beginning or with the question that why do children need to do hard work? If we take a look in the history of today’s most developed country the United States, Through the main portion of the 1800s, kid work was a basic piece of the agrarian and handiwork economy of the United States. Kids chipped away at family cultivates and as contracted workers for other people. To gain proficiency with an exchange, young men started their apprenticeships between the ages of ten and fourteen.

Kids were ideal representatives since they could be saved money, were regularly of more modest height so could go to more moment undertakings and were less inclined to coordinate and strike against their pitiable working conditions.

Child Labor occurs when children are forced to take up work at an age they need to study and enjoy the phase of innocence. Child Labor leads to the loss of childhood and escalates the exploitation of children in various forms.

In farming, kids might be presented to poisonous pesticides or manures. They work with perilous cutting edges and devices and convey substantial burdens. In mining, kids may utilize harmful synthetic substances, face the danger of mine breakdown, and at times work with explosives. In development, kids may convey weighty burdens, work at statures without wellbeing hardware, and danger injury from perilous apparatus. In assembling, youngsters may utilize poisonous solvents, perform monotonous assignments in agonizing positions, and danger injury from sharp apparatuses. In homegrown work, youngsters hazard misuse, work extended periods of time, and frequently live in disconnection from their families and companions.

This child labour that we are still facing in the 21st century is because of the lack of laws implementation.

There are almost 21 or 22 sections of acts and laws for child labour in Pakistan yet no one acts upon them, do not take them seriously. Some of the penalties for child labour are Whoever employs any child or permits any child to work in contravention of the provisions of section 3 shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with a fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees or with both. Whoever, having been convicted of an offence under section 3, commits a like offence afterwards, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to two years.

Whoever fails to give notice as required by section 9; or fails to maintain a register as required by section 11 or makes any false entry in any such register, or fails to display a notice, or fails to comply with or contravenes any provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder shall be punishable with simple imprisonment which may extend to one month or with a fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both.

As I have mentioned there are 20 plus sections and each section describes the terms and conditions that how can a child work for how much time at what age and the load of the work as well.

This child labouring stays one of the serious issues tormenting Pakistan and its kids. Pakistan has passed laws trying to restrict kid work and obligated bondage, yet those laws are generally overlooked. Exactly 11 million youngsters, matured four to fourteen, keep the nation’s plants working, regularly working in ruthless and terrible conditions.

I believe parents should not focus only on the education of the children but also try to develop their skills. They are the future of our country. Parents should give them the idea, a purpose to their life, make kids how to deal difficult situations in daily life not by sending them to labouring, but by giving them a little bit tough time that they can handle. children are not meant to remove the poverty of the society. They are meant to learn not to earn.

Submitted by Mehar Khalid, Sairah Batool, Tabassum Fatima and Maryum Bashir, Date 13 January 2021

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