A plantation is a large-scale estate, generally centred on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops. The crops that are grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, opium, sisal, oil seeds, palms, fruits, rubber, trees and forest trees.
Tree plantation means planting more trees in a planned way. Other words for plantation are farm, orchard, ranch, estate, colony, grove, manor, hacienda, wood let cork, oak, sugar mill. Plantation generally means a large group of plants and especially trees under cultivation.
Trees are an essential and indisputable part of our life. They perform a variety of functions, such as provide us with oxygen, food, wood, and many more. They are a vital part of our environment and are essential to maintain the balance in the ecology. However, in recent times, the practice of deforestation is on the rise.
Tree plantation is a critical process. It refers to the planting of seedlings that not only is for increasing the forest cover but for ensuring that our ecosystem is intact. There are many benefits of tree plantation, such as increasing greenery, pure oxygen, climate change, etc.
Trees are vital to the environment. They provide us with fresh air to breathe, a shelter for birds and animals. They also provide us with wood for various purposes, along with many medicinal and spiritual properties. However, deforestation has been its main enemy. This problem needs to be curtailed to ensure that the ecological balance is maintained.
Tree plantation is the process of planting seedlings into the ground. This process is in a planned manner. Tree plantation depends upon the geography and the topology of the region. Usually, planting trees that grow quickly are preferred. Many trees are indigenous and are encouraged by many to be grown to maintain natural heritage. It mainly occurs in the monsoon season in India, between June and September. Tree plantation is vital to make up for the losses due to deforestation, of which we are now suffering consequences.
Tree plantation is not only beneficial to the environment but is also crucial in the growing worries of climate change. Trees are the natural purifiers of the Earth; they take in carbon dioxide and exhale oxygen. This oxygen is required for every living being on the planet. The reason they are called natural purifiers because they take in the toxins and give out pure air for us to breathe. Trees are essential for the soil as they prevent erosion. They ensure that there is reduced erosion when it rains and keeps the soil-bound. Their roots hold the soil together, and they even draw the rain towards the ground. Another benefit of tree plantation here is that when leaves fall onto the ground, it decays in the soil and enriches it
Tree plantation is vital to increase the green cover. Trees provide us with fruits and vegetables that are required by all living beings. Tree plantation is vital to ensure that birds and many animals such as koala bears, sloths, orangutans, and tree frogs, etc. that live on trees have a home. Trees control the changes in climate. Without planting trees, lands would turn into deserts. They regulate the temperature by keeping it cooler and maintain humidity.
Tree plantation is required for economic reasons as well. They provide us with timber, wood, and rubber, which help in the construction of homes, furniture, paper, and products sold in the market. They produce fruits that are used to make juices, jams, and other eatables as well. They also look lovely and scenic.
The need for tree plantation has been recognized all over the world. Governments ensure the protection of forests. There are many NGOs today that looks to spread awareness and encourage tree plantation.
It is essential to conserve the greenery around us. Many schools teach students about the importance of tree plantation and students plant trees in schools. On August 18, all citizens of Pakistan are encouraged to participate in tree planting activities held throughout the country so that a maximum number of trees can be planted.
Submitted by Zile Huma, Date 14 January 2021