What are Bloodborne Pathogens?

Microorganisms present in human blood or body fluids named as Blood borne Pathogens; which may expose the human body to diseases including majorly, but not limited to HIV (human immuno deficiency virus), HCV Hepatitis C virus and HBV Hepatitis B virus; causes sickness or sometimes death. It is an estimate that about 0.6 to 0.8million needle stick injuries are found in the employees of health care departments annually, while other injuries are caused by pointed sharp objects like scalpels, surgical pins, suture and hypodermic needles. In addition to these exposures, some of the incidents include splurge and contact with impaired skin or mucous membrane.

Disease Transmission

Blood borne diseases may be transmitted by means other than mentioned above like intravenous use of drugs and sex addiction. There are always implicit fundamental risks specific to illegal excessive use of drugs and alcohol particularly ongoing activities of drugs in the form of injections in veins, being spotted in many colleges, universities and some specific places, which can definitely make the individual’s body more susceptible to an infectious disease including those blood borne illnesses discussed above and it ultimately becomes very difficult to manage.

Contributing Factors for Addiction

As in some cases drug addiction and sex addiction have common reasons of dependence like anxiety, restlessness, hopelessness, depression, ruining relationships or financial problems, so facing the two addictions at the same time is vulnerable. Therefore such unhealthy activities and high risky sex behavior may infect the blood with the harmful viruses which can cause serious illness or make the infected person’s survival much difficult.

Disease leads to Death after passing three stages

HIV virus infection that causes AIDS has three stages:

  1. Asymptonic carrier
  2. AIDS Related Complex
  3. Full Blown AIDS

In first stage, it may include aches, chills, fiver and rashes. The second stage may include night sweats, severe cough, flu, memory loss, unconsciousness. In last stage, the patient faces severe weight loss, weakness and diarrhea. At the end, the immune system of a person is destroyed. He may die of HIV infection because the body cannot produce the antibodies to fight against germs of disease and certainly the body expires.

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