Mental illnesses are health conditions involving changes in emotion, thinking or behaviour or both of these. Mental illnesses are related to distress and problems functioning in social, work or family activities. They are generally characterized by a grouping of abnormal thoughts, perceptions, emotions, behaviour and relationships with others.
There are effective treatments for mental disorders and ways to improve the suffering caused by them. Facilities are based in psychiatric hospitals carried out by mental health professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses and clinical social workers, using several methods such as psychometric tests but often based on observation and questioning.
Mental disorders include depression, which affects about 264 million, bipolar disorder, which affects about 45 million, dementia, which affects about 50 million, and schizophrenia and other psychoses, which affects about 20 million people globally. To each illness has its own signs, but common signs of mental illness in adults and adolescents are excessive worrying or fear, Extreme mood changes, including uncontrollable “highs”, Avoiding friends and social activities, Changes in sleeping habits or feeling tired and low energy, thinking about suicide, Frequent nightmares and Regular disobedience or aggression.
Cause of mental illness is inherited traits, environmental exposure, and brain Chemistry. A number of factors can contribute to risk for mental illness, such as our genes and family history, our life experiences such as stress or a history of abuse, especially if it happens in childhood. Biological factors such as chemical imbalances in the brain. Mental illness is common. About 1 in 5 adults has a mental illness in any given year.
Mental illness can begin at any age, but most cases begin past in life. The effects of mental illness can be momentary or long long-term. Experts agree that there can be more than one mental health disorder at the same time. For example, they may have depression and a substance use disorder at a time.
Some factors may increase our risk of developing a mental illness, including History of mental illness in a blood relative, Tense life situations such as financial problems, death of loved one or a divorce, An unending medical condition such as diabetes, Traumatic experiences such as military combat or assault.
Mental illness is a leading cause of disability. Unprocessed mental illness can cause severe emotional, behavioural and physical health problems. Complications sometimes connected to mental illness for instance Unhappiness and decreased enjoyment of life and family conflicts. There is no guaranteed way to stop mental illness.
However, if they have a mental illness, they should take steps to control stress, to increase your resilience and to boost low self-esteem that may help their symptoms under control. Paying attention to warning signs is very important.
They should work with their doctor or therapist to learn what might trigger their symptoms. Make a plan so that what if symptoms return. Getting routine medical care is also imperative. People suffering from mental illness should not neglect their checkups or skip visits to the primary care provider, especially if they are not feeling well.
Mental health conditions can be harder to treat if they wait until symptoms get worse. Appropriate sleep, healthy eating which contains all the nutrition’s and daily physical movement are needed to avoid mental illness. Treatment of mental illness is highly individual, what works for one person may not work for another. Mental illness is just a medical condition. Over the course of our life, if we experience mental illness, our actions and habits could be affected in different ways
Mental illness can be cured by four major steps which include Psychological Therapy, it is a therapeutic treatment of mental illness provided by a trained mental health professional. A doctor, psychologist or other professional talks with the person about their symptoms and concerns, and discuss new ways of thinking about and managing them.
Taking medication for a while helps some people, others need it on an ongoing basis. Medication enhance our spiritual growth. The doctor should describe the profits of medication before it is recommended. Medical research shows that numerous mental illnesses are connected with changes in our brain chemistry.
Medications help the brain to reestablish its usual balance so that the symptoms are reduced or even eliminated. A support group includes members from our family or friend, teacher or relatives guide each other towards the goal of recovery. The support group is covered with non-professionals, but views that have suffered from similar experiences. Self-help can be very important to an individual’s coping, recovery and well-being.
Lifestyle changes, such as good nutrition, proper exercise and proper sleep can help mental illness. If these possessions work well then don not need any formal treatment. However, it is vital to remember that there is unlikely to be an instant solution. Hospitalization only occurs when a person is actually ill and needs intensive treatment for a short time. It is considered better for a person’s mental health to treat them in the community, in their surroundings. Psychiatric hospitalization is important for people who are dangerous to themselves and others and they cannot remain at home due to their behaviour.
Submitted by MAHNOOR JAVED, MUQADASS MAJEED, ILHAM JAHER and FATIMA BATOOL, Date 17 January 2021.