Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that is very common in women with early reproductive age. PCOS is a heterogeneous disorder, which is mainly characterized by dysfunction in ovulation. It is the most common endocrine cause of infertility. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is typically marked by irregular or by no menstruation periods at all. Women with PCOS have multiple cysts in there ovaries that are caused by an overproduction of a hormone called androgens.
If the symptoms are not controlled then the Women with PCOS may also be at greater risk for; heart disease, endometrial cancer, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
What are hormones, and what happens in PCOS?
Hormones are the chemical messengers that trigger many different processes in our body, including growth and energy production. in PCOS the hormones get out of balance because of the reasons that are not well understood yet,. For example:
- The sex hormones get out of balance. Usually, the ovaries makes a small number of male sex hormones that are androgens, mainly includes testosterones and androstenedione. In PCOS, they start making slightly more androgens. That may results in no ovulation, cause acne, and increases the growth of facial and body hairs.
- Body may have a problem in utilizing insulin called insulin resistance. When the body doesn’t use insulin well it leads to increase in blood sugar level. With time, that increases the chance of getting diabetes.
What causes PCOS?
The exact cause of PCOS is not fully understood yet, but genetics can be a factor. PCOS seems to run in families, so the chance of having it is higher if other females in a family have it or have irregular periods or diabetes. PCOS can be inherited from either from mother’s or father’s side.