Waste management is the overall process of collection, transportation, treatment and discarding of waste products, sewage and garbage. It also includes other legal, monitoring, recycling and regulating activities.
There are many forms of waste such as solid, gas or liquid and each has a different process of disposal and management. Waste management manages different types of waste created by industries, households, commercial activities or nature waste. A large segment of waste management deals with municipal solid waste i.e. the waste created by industries, housing and commercial establishments.
Waste management is the process of disposing waste into recyclable use for mankind. In ancient times the population was very less and people used to dispose of their waste, dug the earth and buried their waste. Ineffective waste management can cause health hazards to live beings and the environment.
The concept of waste management is to reduce, reuse and recycle, this is an ongoing process in which waste is reduced again. Another concept is the polluter pay principle in which the person who is creating waste will have to pay a fine for littering the areas. Resources efficiency is a method which focuses on efficient use of the resources. Waste management is more problematic in developing countries rather in developed countries. Recycling is a good method but every waste is not able to be recycled, liked plastic wastes.
Second is the life cycle of a product that includes designing, producing distributing followed by the 3 R’s of the waste hierarchy. The third concept is resource efficiency that focuses on efficient use of resources. And the fourth concept is polluter – pay principle where the polluter – party i.e. one who generates waste has to pay for the impact caused to the environment. However, waste management carried on in developing and developed countries, cities and villages vary.
Inefficient waste management has several negative effects on the health of living beings, environment and economy for e.g. air pollution, soil contamination, the spread of hazardous diseases, etc. Waste management is aimed to reduce the adverse of effects of waste on the environment, health and the beauty of nature.
Submitted by Tuba Tariq, Date 24 January 2021.