Health and Demographic survey 2017-2018 indicates progress in Pakistan

Health and Demographic survey 2017-2018 indicates progress in Pakistan

KARACHI: The regional survey results of the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2017-2018, were released on Thursday at a provincial seminar organized by National Institute of Population Studies (NIPS) in Karachi for informing the progress reports.

The seminar highlighted major improvements in child survival and maternal health care of the previous year; while indicating progress has been slower in nutrition among children and women and access to family planning services in 2017 to 2018 in Pakistan.

The Survey implemented by NIPS under the aegis of the Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination, Islamabad, Pakistan, was conducted in close collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), under the DHS Program, that provides financial support and technical assistance in the implementation of population and health surveys in countries worldwide.

The UK Department for International Development (DFID), and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) also partnered on the project.

USAID Director for Sindh and Balochistan, Michael Hryshchyshyn, noted USAID is proud to have partnered for the survey, as good data leads to evidence-based decision making both by the government and development partners. He added that the Survey shouldn’t be considered just a report card on the last five years, instead it should be used to direct efforts for the next five years.

This is the fourth such survey conducted in Pakistan since 1990-91 for health.

The 2017-18 PDHS provides estimates at the national level progress report, for urban and rural areas of Pakistan, for four provinces and four regions of Pakistan.

For the first time this Survey shows data disaggregated by disability status as well as by age, wealth, educational status and province.

Overall, the Survey indicates families in Pakistan are getting healthier than the past few years. More children are surviving early childhood as neonatal mortality due to poverty in Pakistan and lack of facilities in Pakistan; infant mortality and under-5 mortality have sharply declined by good plaining of past in Pakistan.

Additionally, the trend of getting antenatal check-ups by pregnant women has improved from 78% in 2012-13 to 86% in 20107-2018 due to some new planning and working. More births are delivered in a health facility, from 58% in 2012-13 to 72% in 2017-2018 as shown in report.

While the 2017-2018 Pakistan Demography and Health Survey
progress report in many areas, some challenges still remain. The survey shows that many children in Pakistan suffer from poor nutrition in the past years due to lack of facilities in Pakistan. More work also needs to be done to improve the availability and choice of family planning information and services In Pakistan to improve health progress in Pakistan.

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