Child abuse is violence or torture given by parents, teachers, relatives, neighbours, Caregiver, or anyone around close blood usually involved. It is the mistreatment in which children under the age of 18 are affected. Children who are victims of these abuses lead a difficult life and trauma for the rest of their lives. Some children able to forget or leave behind such incident but some cannot which has a bad and negative impact on their lives and resist them to live in the crowd or to interact with people in schools or in workplaces.
Physical abuse is the second most frequently reported abuse in Pakistan. Physically abusive is done when a person hurts; hit, burned, pushed, kicked, or slapped a child or a child goes through a physical injury or trauma. Sometimes parent’s attitude sends a red flag about child abuse. Consistently belittles or berates the child, and describes the child with negative terms, such as “worthless” or “useless”. Demands an inappropriate level of Physical or Academic performance.
It is more common in middle-class families due to poverty or any stress parents get frustrated and overwhelmed which might lead to physical abuse. Even 11% of cases reported every year. About10 to 15 children suffered every day in Karachi.
In the month of February 2021, a mother burnt two kids alive in Manga Mandi.
On 25th March 2018 police arrested a woman who killed her three children after investigation police stated that the lady was addicted to drugs.
On 26th November 2020, an education department caught two male teachers in the storeroom who were molesting a child of their school at Pir Mahal and handed them into the police.
It is also very common for children to become the target of physical abuse in madrassas. Several molvi tortured kids and they think beating children while teaching the Holy book is good. There are certain cases reported in which some student beatings have resulted not only in injury but also in death.
In January 2021, an eight-year-old child was beaten to death by a molvi in the Vehari district of Punjab. In the month of January 2018, another eight-year-old boy was beaten to death by a molvi in Karachi. Several videos of such beatings and violence’s have also gone viral all over Pakistan.
For the rights of child activist, a bill against corporal punishments of children was passed in The National Assembly.
Article 37(a) of the Convention states that: “No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age….”
In a historic move, the National Assembly passed a bill that bans all sorts of physical punishment of youngsters in the least sort of educational institutions or in workplaces. The bill bans physical punishments in all types of educational institutions including formal, non-formal, and religious both public and private, in child care institutions including foster care, rehabilitation centres and any other alternative care centres.
Above mentioned cases are those covered by the media and investigated by the police however it is also important that many cases which go unreported and are not often highlighted by the media. There are certain reasons which have to be overcome. Those reasons are lack of education, lack of communication, too much involvement in media, less attention towards proper Islamic teachings, Parental carelessness towards their responsibilities, Disobey the country’s law.
As the criminals don’t get punished for these types of violence’s and because of that these harrowing incidents increasing day by day. Protection services need to be improved and the law for criminals has to be reformed. Last but not least we need to addresses some of these sensitive issues of our country to maintain the child’s dignity and pride to live to save and secure in their homeland.
Submitted by Nabiha Kanwal, Date 15 April 2021.