“It is an anxiety disorder characterized by reoccurring unexpected panic attacks .panic attacks are a sudden period of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions .when there is no real danger or appearing cause”

PANIC ATTACK

A panic attack is an intense wave of fear characterized by its unexpectedness and debilitating immobilizing intensity .your hearts pounds, you can’t breathe, and you may feel like you are dying or going crazy .panic attack often strikeout of the blue, without any warning and sometimes with no clear trigger. They may even occur when you are relaxed and asleep.

A panic attack may be one-time occurrence although many peoples experience repeat episodes .recurrent panic attacks are often triggered by a specific situation, such as a crossing bridge or speaking public-especially if that situation as caused a panic attack before usually, the panic –including situation is one in which you feel in endangered and unable to escape triggering the body’s fight or flight response.

SYMPTOMS

Panic attacks typically began suddenly, without warning. They can strike any time when you are driving a car, at the mall, sound asleep or in the middle of a business meeting of a panic attack.

This panic attacks include some of the sign and symptoms

  • sense of impending doom or danger
  • fear of loss of control or death
  • sweating
  • trembling or shaking
  • chills
  • hot flashes
  • nausea
  • abdominal pain
  • cramping

CAUSES:

  • Genetic
  • Major stress
  • temperature (that is more sensitive to stress or prone to negative emotions
  • changes in the part of brain function

RISK Factor:

  • Trauma
  • Stress due to an illness
  • Stress build-up.
  • Personality.
  • Other mental health disorders. People with other mental health disorders, such as depression, often also have an anxiety disorder.
  • Having blood relatives with an anxiety disorder.
  • Drugs or alcohol.

Complications

Having an anxiety disorder does more than make you worry. It can also lead to, or worsen, other mental and physical conditions, such as:

  • Depression
  • Substance misuse
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Digestive or bowel problems
  • Headaches and chronic pain
  • Social isolation
  • Problems functioning at school or work
  • Poor quality of life
  • Suicide

Prevention:

  • Get treatment for the panic attack as soon as possible
  • Stick with your treatment plan
  • Get regular physical activity

TREATMENT:

  • Your doctor may refer you to a psychotherapist
  • She may recommend a type of effective talk therapy called cognitive-behavioural therapy.
  • Anti-depressants
  • anti-anxiety medications.
  • Self-help tips for a panic attack:
  • learn about panic and anxiety
  • Avoid smoking alcohol or caffeine
  • Exercise regularly
  • Practice relaxation techniques connect face to face with family and friends

Conclusion:

A panic attack is a sudden rush of uncomfortable physical symptoms coupled with thoughts of impending doom. Although the fire attack may take place in a distinct situation, further episodes are unpredictable as time or place.

The panic attack self-help program will teach you self help skills you can use to overcome panic attacks. You will learn how to handle your worries about symptoms themselves. Then you will discover how to venture out into the situation that you can once avoid. Along the way, you will find out about the option of using medication. You will learn how to help your physician identify and manage any physical problems that might be causing or increasing symptoms.

Submitted by “Fozia Jamal Shah”