The words “I hope you suffer!” perfectly sum up the mindset of a person with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) describes an ingrained pattern of behaviour in which individuals consistently disregard and violate the right of others around them. People with ASPD can be witty, charming, and fun to be around, but they also lie and exploit others.
Modern diagnostic systems consider ASPD to some related conditions like a psychopath is common whose hurtful actions toward others tend to reflect calculation, manipulation, and cunning, they also tend to not to feel emotions, empathy for others. By contrast, a sociopath is somewhat more able to form attachments to others but still regards social rules; they tend to be more impulsive.
Who’s at Risk?
ASPD affects 2% to 4% of the population and is more common in men. Experts don’t know the cause of it. But genetics and biological factors and thought play a role, as in growing up in a traumatic or abusive environment “Brain” defects and injuries during developmental years may also be linked to ASPD; research shows.
Possibly because people with ASPD often break the law, a lot of prisoners have ASPD. As many as 47% of male intimates and 21% of females intimates have the disorder, research shows. Children and adolescents with conduct disorder are more likely to develop ASPD. Conduct disorder is similar to ASPD but is diagnosed in young people who repeatedly violate social norms and the rights of others.
Consequences of this disorder can be included Drug abuse, alcoholism. People with ASPD may have numerous somatic complaints and perhaps attempt suicide. It is difficult to tell whether they are lying or telling the truth.
People with ASPD may often do the following symptoms:
- Violation of physical or emotional rights of others.
- Lie, con and exploit others.
- Act rashly.
- Be irritable and aggressive.
- Fight or assault other people.
- Break the law.
- Not show signs of remorse after hurting someone else,
- Not care about the safety of others and themselves.
- Fail to meet money, work, or social duties.
- Abuse drugs or alcohol.
- Consistent irresponsibility.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of a person’s history, usually by a mental health professional. To be diagnosed with ASPD a person would have to show symptoms of conduct disorder before age 15. A diagnosis can’t be made until age 18, though. There are no laboratory tests to assist in the diagnosis of this disorder. Other psychiatric disorder, such as a mood or anxiety disorder, attention deficit disorder, or substance abuse may be present.
The disorder is hard to treat. People with ASPD rarely seek help on their own, because they often think they don’t need. The choice of treatment is usually guided by a person’s specific circumstances.
- In younger people, family, or group psychotherapy may help to reinforce a person’s social support.
- Cognitive therapy changes the sociopathic way of thinking.
- Behaviour therapy promotes good behaviour.
- Antipsychotic medication clozapine has shown promising results in improving symptoms among men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).
There is no way to prevent this disorder. It is conceivable that a general improvement in social conditions could reduce the incidence of antisocial personality disorder. An improvement in a person’s social environment may reduce the severity of the problem, especially if changes are made in early life.
Submitted by “Binat Batool”