Attempted assassination of Pedro II of Brazil – Wikipedia



The assassination strive on Pedro II of Brazil (Portuguese: Atentado de Julho), came about at the evening of 15 July 1889. It came about within the Constituição Sq. [pt] (these days the Tiradentes Sq.), after emperor Pedro II left a live performance via Italian violinist Giulietta Dionesi [pt] on the Teatro Sant’Anna (as of late the Teatro Carlos Gomes), in Rio de Janeiro, then capital of the Empire of Brazil. As he used to be leaving, Pedro II used to be shocked via a well-dressed younger guy who fired on the emperor’s carriage with shouts praising the republic, then again, he neglected the photographs. The shooter controlled to flee. He used to be later captured via the police and known as Adriano Augusto do Valle [pt], a Portuguese immigrant. All through the time of his arrest, he used to be under the influence of alcohol in a bar, the place, in entrance of different shoppers, he boasted that he had fired on the emperor. Valle additionally said that he would do it once more, for having neglected the shot.

The assault[edit]

The shot used to be fired after the imperial carriage departed from the Teatro Sant’Anna, because it handed in entrance of the Maison Moderne eating place in Constituição Sq., between the Espírito Santo st. (these days Pedro I st.) and Travessa da Barreira (these days Silva Jardim st.). The carriage then persisted alongside Rua da Carioca against the Imperial Palace.[2]

The culprit, 20 12 months previous Adriano Augusto do Valle, used to be a Portuguese immigrant and an unemployed clerk.[3] In spite of the shouts that praised the republic, Valle had no reference to the Brazilian republican motion. Adriano died on 30 March 1903, elderly 36, a widower, surveyor, living within the municipality of Miracema, northwest of the state of Rio de Janeiro, of tuberculosis, and used to be buried within the public cemetery of Miracema.


The assault used to be condemned via the chief of the Republican Birthday celebration, Quintino Bocaiuva, throughout the newspaper O Paiz [pt], in addition to via different republican press organizations comparable to Gazeta da Tarde [pt] and República Brazileira. The incident brought about controversy round immigration in Brazil, which grew all through the Eighteen Eighties. Because of the nationality of the attacker, the then Portuguese ambassador to Brazil, Nogueira Soares, referred to as a gathering to speak about the assault. Portuguese associations launched a word of repudiation of the assault, and the board of the Portuguese Literary Lyceum [pt] introduced its overall confrontation with the act.[2]




  • Fialho, Anfriso. História da fundação da República no Brasil (in Portuguese).
  • Gomes, Laurentino (2013). 1889: Como um imperador cansado, um marechal vaidoso e um professor injustiçado contribuíram para o fim da Monarquia e a Proclamação da República no Brasil (in Portuguese). Globo Livros.


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