Battle of Coștangalia – Wikipedia

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The fight of Coștangalia[a] used to be the fight fought on 15 July 1863, close to the village of Coștangalia, Romanian United Principalities (now positioned in Moldova). It used to be by way of the Roman forces, towards the Polish rebels marching via territory of Romanian United Principalities, to sign up for the rebels preventing within the January Rebellion, in Poland. The fight ended with Polish victory, and the retreat of the Romanian forces.

Background[edit]

Following the beginning of the

, the goverment of the Ottoman Empire, allowed Polish expatriates for the formation of the progressive forces on ther territory, that might support the revolt in Poland. The shaped unit used to be shaped within the town of Tulcea, and incorporated 213 armed other people. It used to be commanded by way of the coronel Zygmunt Miłkowski. The unit marched during the Ottoman territory in opposition to the border of the Romanian United Principalities, with the plan of crossing its territory, to achieve the Bessarabia Governorate, Russian Empire, after which transfer to the Podolian Governorate, the place they was hoping to reactivate preventing within the area of recent Ukraine.[1][2][3]

The fight[edit]

After the the Polish insurrects crossed the border, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the ruler of the Romanian United Principalities, despatched army to forestall them from marching via his nation. It consisted of seven corporations, counting 1260 infantrymen, with further support of 60 cavalrymen, all commanded by way of the coronel Călinescu. Polish insurrects have been ordered to disarm themselves, which they refused. As such, each websites begun the struggle on 15 July 1863, close to the village of Coștangalia (now positioned in Moldova).[1][2][3]

Miłkowski ordered the infantry, beneath the command of Józef Jagmin, to scatter actors the valley. At the proper wing, the insuregents had captured native homes, and at the left, had hidden in the back of the bushes. Quickly after that, the Romanian forces begun firing on the insurgents. Within the reaction, Polish infantry charged on the enemy. On the similar time, the Romanian calvary charged at Polish forces, on the other hand, they have been destroyed ahead of their reached their goal. Probably the most Romanian corporations try to flank the enemy from the fitting wing, on the other hand they have been defeated by way of infantrymen with bayonets, whilst the central line of the Romanian forces were breached by way of the insurgents. Because of the casualties and the the chaos of the battlefield, lots of the Romanian forces retreated. The exception used to be the left wing of the infantry, which charged at Polish forces, on the other hand, were not ready to achieve their goal, and beneath heavy hearth, have been compelled to retreat as smartly. Polish insurgents had captured the guns and the ammunition deserted by way of chickening out Romanian forces.[4]

Aftermatch[edit]

The fight used to be gained by way of the Polish insurects, which, had 6 deadly casualty, and 20 infantrymen injured, together with 12, heavy injured. Their forces persevered the march, crossing the Prut river. Two days later, on 17 July, with out larger hopes to proceed the march to the Russian border, the warriors had capitulated their guns to Romanian infantrymen. They have been allowed to proceed their commute to Poland in my view, with out their guns.[1][2][3]

  1. ^ Polish: bitwa pod Kostangalią, bitwa pod Costangalią; infrequently incorrectly misspelled as bitwa pod Konstangalią; Romanian: bătălia de l. a. Coștangalia

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stefan Kieniewicz: Powstanie styczniowe, Polish Medical Publishers PWN, Warsaw, 1983, p. 610–612.
  2. ^ a b c Karol Brzozowski: Bitwa pod Kostangalią, In: W czterdziestą rocznicę powstania styczniowego, 1863-1903, Komitet Wydawniczy, Lwów, 1903, p. 79–94.
  3. ^ a b c Zygmunt Miłkowski: W Galicji i na Wschodzie. Przyczynek do dziejów powstania 1863, Wydawnictwo Żupański, Poznań, 1880, p. 135.
  4. ^ Stanisław Zieliński: Bitwy i Potyczki 1863-64, p. 347.

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