Being sad due to ups and downs in life is a normal thing. Every one experience sorrows and joy at some point in their lives. Sadness and happiness are the parts of daily routine but when a person experiences or suffer from sadness and grief for a long time then it is called depression. A depressive person always feels alone and become lonely. He starts showing old behaviour as compared to others. The grieving process is natural and unique to each individual and shares some of the same features of depression. Both grief and depression may involve intense sadness and withdrawal from usual activities. But this withdrawal is timely, depression leads to a long-lasting period of sadness.

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home. There are estimates that more than 300 MILLION people are affected by depression is globally, and this condition is also one of the most common mental disorder in the USA.

The CAUSES of depression are not fully understood, but scientists think that an imbalance in the brain’s signalling chemicals may be responsible for the condition in many patients. However, there are several theories about what this imbalance actually is and which signaling chemicals are involved. Moreover, a variety of distressing life situation is also associated, including early childhood trauma, a job loss, the death of a loved one, financial troubles or a divorce. Most likely, depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors, according to the NIMH. Certain medical conditions may also trigger depression, including an underactive thyroid gland, cancer, heart, disease, prolonged pain and other significant illness. Hormonally induced depression can arise after childbirth or at menopause as well. Additionally, some sedatives, such as sleeping pills, and high blood pressure medications are linked to depression, according to NIH.

The SYMPTOMS of depression can include: A depressed mood, reduced interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed, a loss of sexual desire, changes in appetite unintentional weight loss or gain, sleeping too much or too little, agitation, restlessness, and pacing up and down, slowed movement and speech, the fatigue of worthlessness or guilt, difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or an attempt at suicide, irritability, anxiety, mood swings, fatigue, ruminating ( dwelling on negative thoughts). Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions, Males with depression are more likely than females to drink alcohol in excess, display anger and engage in risk-taking as a result of the disorder, avoiding females and social situations, working without a break, having difficulty keeping up with work and family responsibilities displaying abusive or controlling behaviour in relationships.

At some point in our lives, we all may experience symptoms like sadness, loss of interest, lack of pleasure from performing daily activities, etc. For most people, these symptoms are a completely normal response to unpleasant or stressful events that they experience, For Example, romantic relationships failures or financial issues. Negatively feelings are usually painful and overwhelming, but as time goes by, they become less intense and disappear. But if these feelings persist, they may affect people’s life substantially and result in depression.

Depression is a mood disorder that is defined as losing interest in important parts of life. Depression is not only one of the most widespread and prevalent of the major psychiatric disorders but also one of the most excessively researched mental illness. It has often fundamentally affected people’s well-being quality of life. While a study discovered that of over 5.000 British residents approximately 5.9% of the males and 4.2% of the females did suffer from depressive illness. The literature suggests that the depression course differs from individual to individual, as does the effect of and the response to treatment.

Depression is more than everyday ups and downs. We know when a person is depressed when their sad feelings interfere with their everyday life. Depression doesn’t only affect feelings but can change behaviour, physical health and appearance, academic performance, social activities, and the ability to make decisions that are faced every day. Depression can be very serious. It has been noted that depression can be linked to poor school performance, alcohol and drug abuse, running away, and feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness. Over the past twenty- five years, researchers have found that the rate of suicide among teenagers and young adults has increased dramatically. Suicide is often linked to depression.

Some say that talking about depression only makes it worse. The truth is that talking to someone about our feelings can help us realize that professional help is needed. Depression is treatable. Between eighty and ninety per cent of people with depression can be helped. For the most serious case of depression, antidepressant medications and psychotherapies can be used.  For the milder, less serious cases, psychotherapy may be enough by itself. Antidepressant is used for symptom relief and psychotherapy is used to learn more effective ways to deal with everyday problems through talking.

Depression does not just affect the mind; it also affects the body. Some of the physical effects include erratic sleep habits, loss of appetite, constant fatigue, muscles aches, headaches, and back pain. Everyone experiences sadness at times. But depression is something more. Depression is extreme sadness or despair that lasts more than days. It interferes with the activities of daily life and can even cause physical pain. Fortunately, depression is highly treatable.

Submitted by “SABA NAWAZ”