Endangered Hawaiian fly
Drosophila obatai is an endangered species of picture-wing fly from Hawaii, within the species wealthy lineage of Hawaiian Drosophilidae. It’s only discovered at the island of Oahu.D. obatai is a part of the orphnopeza subgroup within the picture-wing clade, and is carefully associated with D. sodomae, a fly discovered at the islands of Maui and Molokai.
D. obatai was once described in 1972 by way of D. Elmo Hardy and Kenneth Y. Kaneshiro, from specimens gathered within the Waiʻanae Vary. This fly can also be prominent from its Maui Nui relative, D. sodomae, by way of having a brown spot on the base of the wing that covers lots of the cellular Sc, and by way of darker black marking son the stomach, in comparison to brown markings in D. sodomae.
This species has been discovered breeding within the bark and stems of hala pepe (previously Pleomele species, now incorporated within the genus Dracaena).
D. obatai is called after John Okay. Obata, an area college trainer and botanist who’s credited with being immediately answerable for the invention of many new species, habitats, and host plant associations. The species description of D. obatai additionally refers to Mr. Obata as an “enthusiastic box guy” who “is aware of the paths and endemic vegetation of Oahu exceptionally neatly and has labored carefully with [the] creditors”.
Drosophila obatai was once indexed as federally endangered in 2006 along side ten different species of picture-wing Drosophila. Threats to the conservation of this species come with loss-of-habitat, partially because of invasive pigs and goats, in addition to presented predators akin to big-headed ants, yellow loopy ants, and yellowjacket wasps. An extra risk to the conservation of D. obatai is that a minimum of one in all its host vegetation, Dracaena forbesii, may be very uncommon and has been indexed as federally endangered.