“extreme poverty anywhere is a threat to human security everywhere.”

The means are necessary to meet basic personal needs, such as food, clothing and shelter. The threshold at which absolute poverty is defined is always about the same, independent of the person’s permanent location or era. On the other hand, relative poverty occurs when a person cannot meet a minimum level of living standards, compared to others at the same time and place.

Therefore, the threshold at which relative poverty is defined varies from one country to another, or from one society to another. For example, a person who cannot afford housing better than a small tent in an open field would be said to live in relative poverty if almost everyone else in that area lives in modern brick homes, but not if everyone else also lives in small tents in open fields (for example, in a  nomadic tribe). As of 2017, the Asian Development Bank reports that there are approximately 210 million people living in Pakistan.

In 2011, 12.4% of Pakistanis live below in Pakistan’s definition of poverty. Statistics vary due to the definition of poverty. According to the World Bank, poverty in Pakistan fell from 64.3% in 2002 to 29.5% in 2014. Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of the population) 6.1% in 2013 to 3.9% in 2015  Pakistan has made substantial progress in reducing poverty giving it the second-lowest headcount poverty rate in South Asia. World Bank   states that overall “Pakistan has done well in converting economic growth into poverty reduction’’.

Over the last decade, Pakistan’s poverty headcount has witnessed a persistent decline, both at national and regional levels. The percentage of people living below the poverty line has declined from 50.4% in 2005-06 to 24.3% in 2015-16, according to Pakistan  Economic Survey 2017-18.

Poverty is a consequence of diverse and interrelated reasons, which combine into the following groups: economic (unemployment, low wages, low productivity, lack of competitiveness of the industry);– sociomedical (disability, old age, high levels of morbidity);– Demographic (parent families, a large number of dependents in the family);– socio-economic (low level of social guarantees);– educational qualifications (a low level of education, lack of training);– political (military conflict, forced migration);–regional geographic (uneven development of regions).

As well, the current crisis makes people react and do something, even if it is illegal, they start committing a crime. Poverty causes many crimes, as if a person was not poor and had faith in himself, he would not face the thought that he should search another way to get money.

Being poor, which could be caused by different reasons, makes a person unhappy, incapable to earn enough money, to buy anything he wants or at least something necessary. Poverty determines a certain stereotype in a person’s thoughts, and he does not see any constructive solving of the problem, as he wants to choose the easiest way of getting money, even harming other people.

Poverty has a huge psychological influence on people, who become depressed, desperate and then they decide to commit a crime, as they have not found anything that can legally get additionally some will commit suicide which is one of the greatest crime in Islam. So it is my request to the government, please try to banish poverty in the country. 

Primary causes of poverty are;                       

them out of such situation.                                                      access to education ,Mental illness – lack of 

Unemployment, Education, Inflation, Poor utilization of resources,Poor government policy or poor governance, Debt, Corruption, Extreme weather, Lack of control in local food, Lack of 

Too many problems that a person faces in modern society makes him get angrier on the whole situation and look for the new way of solving their problem. The desperate economical situation in the country and consequently the lack of workplaces especially for young people creates the thoughts and actions of crime. No guarantees from the government and no proper help to people who are poor leads to chaos and misunderstanding, where the only way out they find is to commit a crime. Poverty as a social phenomenon in a historical sense is of lasting value.  The extent and depth of “immersion” of the people in the country reflect two important aspects of society – the level of development of productive forces and the corresponding character of their operation principle of social justice. 

Each one realizes that poverty and crime have a solid association with every others. If a nation is poor, it will confront outside problematical and furthermore inside which can be unsafe for the nation, shockingly our country Pakistan is likewise. Because of poverty public doesn’t have sustenance to eat and furthermore don’t have wealth for treatment then how they will provide education to their youngsters. Because of this, they will be compelled to go such ways which will take them toward the violations, and proper psychiatric care[citation needed], World hunger, Epidemic diseases, Automation 

Technological Unemployment Overpopulation ,Historical causes,Slavery,War. 

Poverty is looked through social indicators like: 

  1. Provide paid leave and paid sick days. …Lack of general resistance due to malnutrition 
  2. Lack of access to health care 
  3. Lack of opportunities 
  4. Lack of access to safe drinking water 5. Lack of access to safe sanitation facilities . Create jobs. …
  5. Raise the minimum wage. … 
  6. Increase the Earned Income Tax Credit for childless workers. … 
  7. Support pay equity. … 
  8. Work. … 
  9. Invest in affordable, high-quality child care and early education. … 

By equipping young people with 21stcentury work skills, providing inspiration and training for future self-employment, and mentoring them to consider the possibility of becoming future job creators, we’re attacking poverty and unemployment at its roots. There is nothing inevitable about poverty. We just need to build the political will to enact the policies that will increase economic security, expand opportunities, and grow the middle class.

Submitted by “AYESHA JAN”