Both individually and collectively, all these challenges taking on feudalism Indicate that feudalism could be a reality in the past but now it is on the wane, Even if it has not become a myth. Further, the way feudalism is receding in both its Appearance and authority; the time is not far when it will become a myth. Still, the Relatively preserved section of the feudal class is feudal-pir families who find the Alms donated by their disciples fulfilling their economic needs and the zeal Showered on them keeping them politically strong (Siddiqa, 2014). However, there have been found instances when disciples shower their affection on a pair (called the Gaddi Nasheen) but vote for a politician opposed by the pir, for instance in Multan (Tunio, 2011).

Though these instances are not common these are there to indicate about the possibilities for the people coming out of the blind following of their peers, when these people, as voters, have to make a political or electoral decision. It seems that such disciples think that they have gone worldly wiser than their peers and they have all rights to make political choices of their liking. This change can be safely attributed to political awareness caused by education and the Media.

It is also said that the so far imposed land reforms have brought about limited Results (Naqvi, Khan & Chaudhry, 1987).In other words, the land reforms have Not reduced the influence of the feudal class in society, though it was expected that Land reforms held the potential of alleviating poverty from society (Besley & Burgess, 2000). Over the years, it has been seen that the feudal class has lost its flair of authoritarianism and has shrunk to its size owing to a multitude of factors challenging its authority in society – and the process is continued unabated. One major objection on the feudal class is that since it is involved in agriculture it does not let agriculture tax be imposed on it (Naqvi, Khan & Chaudhry, 1987).

The issue of agriculture tax should be studied in depth to see if the imposition Hurts the small farmer or not, as it is said that the small farmer will bear the brunt Of the agriculture tax and the large landowner who has already facilities to resorting to the mechanization of farming will escape unhurt.

One major negative impression of the feudal class gone to the public at large is their ability to side with any martial law imposed in the country. In this way, the feudal class is considered opportunist which joins any hub of power taking hold on the country (Siddiqa, 2007). Further, the feudal class joins any mainstream

Political party and is prone to switching loyalties thereby wrecking the political Culture of Pakistan. Currently, about two-thirds of the lower house of the Parliament is stuffed with the members of the feudal class (Anwar, 2013).

An interesting phenomenon has been found in Pakistan. Industrial tycoons originating from the urban sections of society and the middle-class businessman who somehow gather sufficient wealth tend to buy agriculture land in the rural areas and try to become feudal in their behaviour and approach (Sayeed, 1980; Jalal, 1990). This point shows that people, in general, have idolized feudalism and

[1:53 am, 23/04/2020] Home: try to replicate the same whenever find a chance. This point also gives strength to

The perception that feudalism is more of a mindset than anything else.

Generally, a feudal class exists in all countries even those who have gone capitalist and industrialist (Brinkley, 2010). The problem should not be with the existence of the feudal class in Pakistan but whether or not the class impedes social growth and impinge on human rights. In the latter case, there should have been no problem

Submitted by “Syeda Arooj Zahra”