It can be defined as early developing individual behaviour tendencies that are biologically rooted, present from infancy onward, relatively stable over time and situations, and are manifested in the context of social interaction A difficult temperament, which in their study is measured by fighting, peer rejection, hyperactivity, and difficulty to manage the Attachment can be defined as a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space The attachment relationship with primary caregivers is very important as it provides infants with comfort and reassurance when threatened as well as form a secure base which helps them to explore the world around them.

It can be defined as a person’s capacity to positively adapt or attain success despite having faced adverse situations like abused or neglected, witnessing violence, or living in poverty which can lead to many negative outcomes such as delinquency.

The present study aims to assess various psychosocial factors which play a crucial part in the exhibition of delinquency behaviour.

Mental health problems and school drop-out are the most prominent risks for recidivism, and recidivist juveniles had early onset of substance abuse, school drop-out and contact with the police.

Due to alarming increase in the rate and gravity of delinquent behaviours, juvenile laws have been reviewed in many countries and have been made sterner.

This highlights the importance of the screening and service referral for mental health problems in juvenile justice settings.

Juvenile delinquency has become the most important subject matter of discussion in various fields.

Strikingly, in spite of the high prevalence of psychiatric disorders, rate of service access among delinquent juveniles were very low.

The accumulation of these factors might increase the probability of delinquency behaviour.

The disarray and destruction due to deviant behaviour are assuming alarming proportions which is an awakening call to the society.

Addressing substance use which complicates and blur psychiatric conditions will improve rehabilitation process especially among recidivists.

Submitted by “Mahnoor Ijaz”