Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by reoccurring unexpected panic attacks. The cause of the panic disorder is unknown. Panic disorder is usually treated with counselling and medications. Medication includes antidepressants and professionally Benedictines or beta-blocker. Women are more often affected than men.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

Panic disorder suffers usually have a series of intense episodes of extreme anxiety during panic attacks  Common symptoms of an attack include rapid heartbeat, perspiration, dizziness, and hyperventilation. Other symptoms are a sensation of choking, paralysis, chest pain, nausea or tingling.

SUBSTANCE MISUSE:

People with panic disorder had abused substances. It can cause by using alcohol, drugs and smoking. Tobacconist smoking increases the risk of developing panic disorder. Smoking cigarettes may lead to panic attacks by infecting respiratory system (e.g shortness of breath).

About 30% of people with panic disorder use alcohol and 17% use other psychoactive drugs. In fact, for some patients panic disorder is only diagnosed after they seek treatment for their self- medication habit. Symptoms are seen during the first 2 or 3 months of withdrawal.

DIAGNOSIS:

There are two types, one with and one without agoraphobia.

The dominant symptoms include;

  • Chest pain
  • Choking sensations
  • Dizziness
  • Secondary fear of dying or going mad

TREATMENT:

Treatment of panic disorder usually has several approaches, having sometimes of therapy and to reduce the feeling of anxiety. Medication includes one or more types of anti-anxiety medicines used to treat depression and other mental illness.

A form of psychotherapy called cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Although anti-anxiety drugs can ease your anxiety, the serenity can come with a price tag in the form of side effects. Even before you registered what was happening, your body released adrenaline, comforting and other hormones cause physical reactions;

Heart pounding, shallow breathing, sweating and shivering, shaking and other unpleasant physical sensation. Isolated attacks are bad enough. But when the attacks recur in the short period of time or when the fear of another attack is so strong that you begin to avoid situations places and people that may trigger an attack, you may be diagnosed with panic disorder.

CONCLUSION:

Anxiety is normal, but highly, subjective human emotion. panic disorder, in particular, seem to be rare among completed suicide. Suicides in person with panic disorder are associated with superimposed major depression and substance abuse, and with a personality disorder. The assessments and monitoring of the overall psychopathology are essential.

Submitted by “Bushra Azeem”