The alarming and incessant growth of population is causing serious economic problems in almost all continents. Great pressure is being placed on arable land, water, energy and biological resource. As the world population grows, the food problem will become increasingly severe. The most vulnerable will be the population in developing countries. The per capita availability of food grains has been declining for the past 25years. Certainly with a quarter-million people being added to world population each day, need for grains and all other food will reach unprecedented levels. World population and its growth trends are given.

There are about a quarter of a million people added to the planet per day. This exponential growth is mostly happening in a developing nation. To’day world population is more than 7.70billion,and it is still growing. It has about doubled in the past forty years. We are now faced with the issue of overpopulation. With the population so high, resources are running out. If things continue like this we are going to encounter major problems in the future. Therefore there is a great need for countries to limit their expanding populations.

Other problems associated with overpopulation include the increased demand for resources such as freshwater and food, starvation and malnutrition, consumption of natural resources (such as fossil fuels) faster than the rate of regeneration, and living conditions. There are many factors to allows increasing the population. The two factors that increase the size of a population are natality, which is the number of individuals that are added to the population over a period of time due to reproduction, and immigration, which is the migration of an individual into a place.

CONCLUSION:

Overpopulation is one of the most important problems facing humanity today. Our planet’s health and wellness are being affected by the overpopulation of people on the planet. Overpopulation affects all of us as a scarcity of food will increase, pollution will increase and global warming becomes, even more, empower women. We can stop overpopulation by dramatically reducing births around the world. … How to solve? Overpopulation will not decline unless average birth rates drop below an average of two per woman (or per man) in the world. And the further the birth rate drops, the sooner humanity will reach a truly sustainable population level. Studies show that women with access to reproductive health services find it easier to break out of poverty, while those who work are more likely to use birth control. …

Promote family planning. …

Make education entertaining. …

Government incentives. …

 One-child legislation…

Submitted by “Esha Iman”