Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder in which the individual’s thinking, emotions, feelings and behaviour are badly affected.

A schizophrenic is divorced from reality, living in the world of delusion and hallucinations. 

Schizophrenia is a combination of two Greek words. Schizein means to split and phren means mind. It’s mean the splitting of mind or the falling of mind to pieces.

It affects both men and women equally. Schizophrenia can affect anyone at any age, but most cases develop between adolescence and age 30. Children can be affected by schizophrenia but this is uncommon.

Thinking, attention, feelings, emotions are all affected by it. Symptoms of schizophrenia divided into two major groups. 1:Positive Symptoms of 2:Negative Symptoms. 

In positive symptoms, schizophrenic’s speech becomes so disorganized that he fails to convey his meaning…Sometimes he believes that his feelings are being controlled by some external power. (Delusion of persecution).

Sometimes he thinks that he is a great scientist, king, prophet, saint or an angel. (Delusion of Grandiose).

The sensory impression of things not present in the environment is called hallucination.

Schizophrenic patients experience auditory hallucination most of all. For example, the patient believes that someone is abusing or mimicking him. 

In negative symptoms, the patient becomes oblivious and indifferent to the maintenance of his health. He keeps walking about with unkempt hair, dirty nails, unbrushed teeth and creased clothes. The patient also losses the ability to experience a pleasure. He cannot maintain relationships with other people. They become oblivious of social skills. They keep talking to themselves in the presence of other people. 

They begin to collect worthless things and sometimes even garbage. Sometimes he starts moving and sometimes become still. Sometimes patient jump and bounce, sometimes become stock- still as if they were stone. He changes his pose and maintains the new pose for many hours. This state of stillness called Waxy Flexibility.

Symptoms in teenagers are trouble sleeping, lack of motivation, depressed mood or irritability, a drop in performance at school, withdrawal from friends and family.

 Types of schizophrenia are five. 1:paranoid type  2: catatonic type  3: disorganized type  4:undifferentiated type  5:residual type…

The patient sometimes laughs foolishly without any reason. This is called hebephrenic.

He always wearing a silly and childish smile on his face. 

The lower classes are more likely to have schizophrenia than the upper classes.

Psychologist contends that the people belonging to lower classes suffer economic problems and often face stressful situations. When they fail to fulfil their needs, they experience a lot of stress. Under such a situation, become schizophrenic patients very soon…  

When the patient shows severe symptoms of schizophrenia, it is better to treat them with drugs. Anti-psychotic drugs are administered to schizophrenics. Only a qualified psychiatrist can prescribe these drugs.

In psychological treatment, the behavioural technique is considered effective for the treatment of schizophrenia.

If u want to safe from schizophrenia so you should learn how to manage stress.

Submitted by “Hira Zaheer