Wasserschloss Steinen – Wikipedia

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The „Wasserschloss Steinen“ (moated fort steinen) is a fortified space within the northern a part of the village Steinen [1] within the district Lörrach.

Description[edit]

The primary development is oblong and has 3 tales and a polygonal stair tower. On its western aspect there are two spherical nook towers. The stepped gable, which will also be observed at the caricature from 1790 do now not exist. It seems that there was a tithe barn bearing the date 1602, which got here off.
The fort used to be as soon as surrounded via a moat with water from the close by circulation Steinebach.

Historical past[edit]

Round 1350 an Property of the St. Blaise Abbey substantial assets in Steinen. This Property is assumed to have developed out of an previous fort.[2] It’s not identified whether or not the Property used to be already within the moated fort discussed later and what injury the Basel earthquake of 1356 led to right here. No longer till the center of the sixteenth century is there any information concerning the fort. In 1563 the moated fort used to be totally renovated via Gregorius Krafft of Dellmensingen [3]. The yr 1563 [4] carved into the doorway door and a window jamb at the south aspect testify to this conversion.

In 1574 Krafft bought the fort to Wilhelm von Heidegg. He instantly withdrew from the acquisition when he came upon concerning the large money owed that weighed at the building. The next processes have been best resulted in 1580 via agreement.

Alternatively, since 1571 at the most recent, the rulership of the village Steinen used to be within the fingers of the Margraves of Baden-Durlach[5].

In 1597 the land clerk and privy councilor, Joseph Hettler [6], owned the fort in addition to the related property and mill. He won a constitution from the margrave, which exempted him from some taxes. When Hettler changed into chancellor of Ernest Frederick in 1599, he needed to exchange his position of place of abode and bought his fort in Steinen to Christoph Daniel of Anweil, who used to be discussed as the landlord in in 1605 and 1618. From 1620 to 1632 the forester Jakob of Rotberg owned the fort. Round 1640 the fort got here to the margrave of Baden-Durlach. In 1652, Frederick V bought the fort to Christoph of Lauternau zu Schöfflanden[7], with the fort in an excessively deficient structural situation. Of Lauternau obtained additional items and invested within the fort. Alternatively, he died in 1662. His heirs bought the fort in 1668 to Frederick VI. The usage of the fort over the following decade stays unclear.

After Rötteln Fortress, the place of job of the Markgräflerland, used to be destroyed via French troops on June 29, 1678, the margravial management seemed for brand spanking new lodging for the more than a few government. Whilst the bailiff and the land clerk’s place of job have been quickly relocated to the village Lörrach, the fort bailiff (accountable for the selection of deductibles and tithes) first got here to the fort in Steinen, the place they remained for approximately 3 years.[8] Later, the fort bailiff used to be within the Wettinger Hof in Basel for some time, which have been purchased via the Margrave in 1686. It used to be no longer till 1697 that every one sovereign and non secular workplaces have been housed in Lörrach[9] and in 1731 the fort bailiff moved into the brand new development within the courtyard in Lörrach.[10]

In 1697 the fort used to be bought via Frederick VII to Friedrich de Rougemont, the mayor of Los angeles Chaux-de-Fonds and won a letter of liberty for himself and his 3 sisters, which granted him privileges and in depth exemption from taxes. The widow Rose de Rougemont sought after to promote the fort to a citizen of Basel in 1715, however the margravial management objected and acquired again the valuables in 1716.[11] As a substitute, the fort and property have been leased to, Hans Casper Knauß, a citizen of Basel till 1726 and he used them till 1728. The margravial management used to be continuously in search of tenants who introduced extra hobby however may no longer to find any individual. Knauß were given as a result of the more than a few essential maintenance and the low yields – For hundreds of years, lots of the house owners and leaseholders of the fort property complained about that – increasingly more in monetary difficulties. In 1728 the Hirschenwirt of Steinen, Friedrich Volz, took over the fort as a tenant. In 1736 Pastor Fecht changed into the brand new tenant, however after his switch to Wollbach he seemed for sub-tenants. After no common tenant or purchaser might be discovered on the desired prerequisites, the margravial guardianship executive underneath Prince Karl August proceeded to public sale the person portions of the property[12] in November 1745, which went to 36 electorate. The fort itself used to be purchased via the schoolmaster, Ludwig Wintry weather. After his demise it handed to a few households by which it used to be inherited, divided, and reunited. In 1888 Wilhelm Friedrich Reinau purchased the fort and transformed it right into a consultant place of abode.

In 2015, the fort used to be now not in just right situation from the outdoor however used to be nonetheless inhabited. Renovation began in August 2015. The investor Götz Rehn sought after to create 9 condominium residences. To realize house, dormer home windows must even be put in. The monument coverage authority and the municipality gave their popularity of the mission.[13] The making plans place of job Artifex[14], which has already accompanied building measures on the Goetheanum in Dornach used to be accountable for the conception of the renovation. The renovation used to be finished in mid-2017.[15] These days there are 9 non-public residences within the development.

References[edit]

  1. ^ siehe Topographischer Plan von Steinen aus dem Jahr 1773 auf Landeskunde entdecken on-line – leobw
  2. ^ s. Bühler S. 37
  3. ^ s. auch Julius Kindler von Knobloch: Oberbadisches Geschlechterbuch. Band 2: He – Lysser, Heidelberg, 1905, S. 361 (on-line auf: diglit.ub.uni-heidelberg.de)[dead link]
  4. ^ s. Horst Hänßler: Steinmetzzeichen in Steinen und Umgebung. In: Das Markgräflerland, Heft 2/1984, S. 112
  5. ^ s. Badische Historische Kommission (Hrsg.), bearbeitet von Albert Krieger: Topographisches Wörterbuch des Großherzogtums Baden, Heidelberg 1904, Band 2 on-line unter Heidelberger historische Bestände – virtual L-Z, Spalte 1078–1079
  6. ^ * 1566 in Nürtingen; † 1605 in Prag; s. Ortsfamilienbuch Steinen [1]
  7. ^ Eintrag Markgraf Friedrich von Baden verkauft dem Christoph von Lauternau zu Schöfflanden sein zu Steinen stehendes Haus mit allem Zubehör. beim Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg Wasserschloss Steinen within the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (German Virtual Library)
  8. ^ s. Bühler S. 42
  9. ^ s. August Baumhauer: Lörrachs Entwicklung vom Dorf zur Stadt vom 15. zum 18. Jahrhundert. In: Das Markgräflerland, Heft 2/1957, S. 79
  10. ^ s. Paul Rothmund: Lörrach wird zweimal zur Stadt erhoben. In: Lörrach, 1982
  11. ^ es warfare zu dieser Zeit markgräfliche Politik den Ausverkauf von Gütern (auch von privaten) an Ausländer zu verhindern und damit die Erträge im Land zu halten. Siehe hierzu Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Friedrich von Drais von Sauerbronn: Geschichte der Regierung und Bildung von Baden unter Carl Friedrich vor der Revolutionszeit – Erster Band, im Verlag der C.F. Müller’schen Hofbuchhandlung, Carlsruhe 1816; S. 22 in der Google-Buchsuche
  12. ^ Die Veräußerung nicht ertragskräftiger Vermögensteile gehörte zur Politik der Schuldentilgung. Die Markgrafschaft Baden-Durlach hatte 1724 noch eine Staatsschuld von über 1 Million Gulden, die bis 1746 auf ein Viertel dieser Summe gesenkt werden konnte. Siehe hierzu Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Friedrich von Drais von Sauerbronn: Geschichte der Regierung und Bildung von Baden unter Carl Friedrich vor der Revolutionszeit – Erster Band, im Verlag der C.F. Müller’schen Hofbuchhandlung, Carlsruhe 1816; S. 286–287 in der Google-Buchsuche
  13. ^ rbr: Schlössle zum Mieten. Investor will Kulturdenkmal umbauen / Lob im Bauausschuss. In: Badische Zeitung vom 15. Oktober 2015, abgerufen am 7. Dezember 2015; Eine Zukunft fürs Steinener „Schlössle“. In: Markgräfler Tagblatt vom 14. Oktober 2015; abgerufen am 7. Dezember 2015
  14. ^ s. Artifex Homepage
  15. ^ s. Robert Bergmann: Ins Schlössle kehrt Leben ein. Das Gebäude ist inzwischen weitgehend saniert. In: Badische Zeitung vom 4. Februar 2017; abgerufen am 4. Februar 2017


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